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The Beginner’s Guide to Home Assistant - HassIO - YouTube

Home Assistant Basics

Hass & Zigbee: No need for gateway

The perfect project to replace Zigbee gateway and use Raspberry Pi directly as a hub (gateway, bridge) is Koenkk/zigbee2mqtt, as commented a lot at Home Assistant Community

Other similar projects include ConBee/deCONZ are closed source, ZiGate with elric91/homeassistant_zigate is too-French.

Hass & Sonoff: No need for cloud

Sonoff devices can be flashed (Tasamota firmware) so they act on MTQQ protocol.

The new esphomelib should be better and more flexible.

A simple jig for flashing Sonoffs

Add eWeLink and Tuya Smart Home support - Thing suggestion and ideas - Stringify | Forums

Koji pin na koji Pinovi na Sonoff Pinovi na Sonoff ponovo Sve zajedno spojeno

Savršen video: TUTORIAL: Install Sonoff-Tasmota Firmware on your Sonoff Device - YouTube

WiFi Switches

onaj jedan radi, pa sam ga kupio: Wifi Wall Switch WITHOUT TOUCH (1,2 or 3 Gang) - Hardware - Home Assistant Community

EWeLink Introduction - ITEAD Wiki Sonoff Dimming LED – eWelink Sonoff switch complete hack without firmware upgrade How to use a Sonoff Switch with Home Assistant | DEW IT & Web Services

Tasker Configuration and Setup - How To Automate Your House - YouTube

Samba shares

Samba connection to edit configuration files. Access via \\hassio

SSH connection


There is an option in GUI but you can also do it in console: hassio host reboot

Sexy Projects

Broadlink Remote

Hass plugin: Broadlink RM Switch

Connect Your BroadLink Remote – Smart-Home Hobby Teach Your BroadLink Remote – Smart-Home Hobby

2018 Broadlink R1 RM3 with temperature sensor old version - YouTube

Broadlink R1 (or “RM plus” or “RM Pro Plus” or “RM03”) is exactly the same as RM Pro (RM03) but is exclusive for Chinese market and have temperature sensor. It is RM03 as serial begins with RM03. The BroadLink RM Pro also contains a temperature sensor.

Two Android applications: e-Control and ihc (Intelligent Home Center), both on Google Play Market. Broadlink Hub is also interesting app. as is RM Bridge

broadlink rm plus vs pro - Google Search

There is a beautiful app called Home Remote that probably can be made to work with Broadlink.

Zigbee TI Flash Programmer

Important Basics

Entity IDs are generated based on the friendly name of the entity. And if the friendly name of two entities are the same, _2 _3 and so on are appended to the name to have unique IDs as before.

Mac Adresses:

Broadlink IR: 34:EA:34:9D:6C:4C Xiaomi Gateway: 7C:49:EB:7F:F4:EA

Kako otkriti key na gateway-u?

Key na gateway samo preko starog MiHome-a.

Kako na net?

nmcli c add type wifi con-name SmartyLAN ifname wlan0 ssid <WIFI_SSID>
nmcli c modify SmartyLAN wifi-sec.key-mgmt wpa-psk wifi-sec.psk <WIFI_PASS>
nmcli c up SmartyLAN

Access Token za vacumm i ostalo?

Ne radi:

apt-get -y install npm
npm install -g miio
miio discover


  1. Stari MiHome (pa radi token za gateway)
  2. Poveži na windows i extract tokens
lumi.acpartner.v3 - Air Conditioning Controller - 460330fd9ee9ede569febf07d85679d8 -

rockrobo.vacuum.v1 - Vacuum - 6f706649665378665248737455463777 -
yeelink.light.lamp1 - Desk Lamp - cc847b9810d9f1c146190fb086d30cb1 -
yeelink.light.color1 - Lamp - b14e644c4ab9b64fd4115eae6a785420 -

zimi.powerstrip.v2 - Power Strip - 316897f6d546fe953e9825c844843405 -
zhimi.airpurifier.m1 - Air Purifier - 8a639002e7cc3e4e75224aecac701bb3 -

xiaomi.repeater.v2 - Mi WiFi Repeater 2 - 845b55ffbedf84b57b2742e4f6407a1a -
yunshi.lock.s2 - Door - 6e9f3489f8917ab56cfbc833 - 

lumi.ctrl_neutral1.v1 - Entrance -  - 
lumi.sensor_magnet.v2 - Staircase Closet Door -  - 
lumi.sensor_switch.aq2 - SQ button -  - 
lumi.plug.v1 - Staircase LED -  - 
lumi.ctrl_ln1.aq1 - Balcony -  - 
lumi.ctrl_ln1.aq1 - Living room -  - 
lumi.ctrl_ln1.aq1 - WC -  - 
lumi.sensor_cube.aqgl01 - Aqara Cube -  - 

Zigbee ID’s:

zigbee2mqtt/0x00158d0001a4e09a :: Door Sensor       / MCCGQ01LM,  Xiaomi MiJia door & window contact sensor (EndDevice)
zigbee2mqtt/0x00158d00021347e7 :: Square Button     / WXKG11LM, Xiaomi Aqara wireless switch (EndDevice)
zigbee2mqtt/0x00158d000128b178 :: Round Button Up   / WXKG01LM, Xiaomi MiJia wireless switch (EndDevice)
zigbee2mqtt/0x00158d0002556987 :: Round Button Down / WXKG01LM, Xiaomi MiJia wireless switch (EndDevice)
zigbee2mqtt/0x00158d000233b83c :: Light WC          / QBKG11LM, Xiaomi Aqara single key wired wall switch (Router)
zigbee2mqtt/0x00158d0002235d85 :: Light Balcony     / QBKG11LM, Xiaomi Aqara single key wired wall switch (Router)
zigbee2mqtt/0x00158d000233b59f :: Light Living      / QBKG11LM, Xiaomi Aqara single key wired wall switch (Router)
zigbee2mqtt/0x00158d000242c218 :: Light Entrance    / QBKG04LM, Xiaomi Aqara single key wired wall switch (Router) / No Neutral
zigbee2mqtt/0x00158d00013e5a64 :: Staircase Plug    / ZNCZ02LM, Xiaomi Mi power plug ZigBee (Router) in a virtual machine

Need to de-activate “secure Boot” in the VM settings. Custom Components

Home Assistant Community Store (HACS): / custom-components/hacs Discover custom elements for Home Assistant.

Packages no listed in HACS store can be installed using HACS > Integrations > right upper corner "..." > Custom Repositories

Home Assistant on a Raspberry Pi with, Zigbee Conbee II, deCONZ, Xiaomi Aqara sensors from scratch

After edit .yaml files, do: Supervisor » Server Controls » Reload Automations

Global variables that are stored between automations - without add-on

Channel Interference

2.4GHz (1: Smarty / 6: Smarty UP / 11: empty) Zigbee (15 / 20 / 25: Conbee)

Zigbee uses either a powerful 2.4 GHz frequency or a low-power 915 MHz frequency. Z-Wave uses a frequency of 908.42 MHz

Zigbee | digiblurDIY

Example vibration: Help with binary sensor automation - Configuration - Home Assistant Community

Bathroom Light problem:

Lights activated by motion or by switch - Configuration - Home Assistant Community maybe this: or this:

pantry - ostava u kuhinji wardrobe - walk-in closet na spratu closet - locker below staircase

entrance - ulaz staircase - stepenice hallway - hodnik na spratu study - koletova soba office - radni deo

Odlična automatizacija: Making ‘dumb’ Dishwashers and Washing Machines Smart: Alerts When the Dishes and Clothes Are Cleaned – Phil Hawthorne

Xiaomi - koji Zigbee uređaji mogu da se updateuju Aqara/Xiaomi - which devices can be updated? - Devices - Homey Community Forum Updating Aqara device firmware - Hardware - Home Assistant Community

Devices NOT Meshing! Network lost issues · dresden-elektronik/deconz-rest-plugin Wiki · GitHub Mesh not forming. Conbee One, 2.05.77, 26350500, pi3 · Issue #2866 · dresden-elektronik/deconz-rest-plugin · GitHub

BEST INFO ON Xiaomi DEVICES: Zigbee Device Compatibility Repository Zigbee Compatibility

Conditions can also be part of an action: Automation Actions

Najbolji izvor informacija za miio discovery! skysilver-lab/php-miio: Реализация взаимодействия с устройствами из экосистемы xiaomi по протоколу miIO Ima objašnjeno za Packet Sniffer i slično!

staro: com.xiaomi-miio/ at master · Maxmudjon/com.xiaomi-miio


{% set device = ‘lounge_dehumidifier’ %} {% if states.switch[device] is defined %} {# it’s safe to access the last_changed attribute #} {{ states.switch[device].last_changed }} {% endif %}

Jinja Templating:


  • platform: template sensors: toilet_is_occupied: friendly_name: “Toilet is occupied” value_template: >- {% if is_state(‘switch.kettle’, ‘off’) %} off {% elif state_attr(‘switch.kettle’, ‘kwh’)|float < 1000 %} standby {% elif is_state(‘switch.kettle’, ‘on’) %} on {% else %} failed {% endif %}

Retrieve API key:

curl http://core-deconz:40850/api/ -X POST -d ‘{“devicetype”: “My API Application”}’ | jq ‘.’

Result: {“success”:{“username”:“09B9D88188”}} where username value is API key

Host: core-deconz
API Port: 40850
WebSocket Port: 8081

My API key: 09B9D88188

curl http://core-deconz:40850/api/09B9D88188/config -X GET | jq .

  - condition: template
    value_template: >
      {% if is_state('binary_sensor.toilet_motion', 'on') and is_state('binary_sensor.toilet_door', 'off') %}
      {% else %}
      {% endif %}

constant movement check, with door closed

  • id: toilet_pooling_occupation alias: “Toilet: Pooling occupation” initial_state: false trigger: platform: time_pattern seconds: “/3” action:
    • service_template: > {% if is_state(‘binary_sensor.toilet_motion’, ‘on’) and is_state(‘binary_sensor.toilet_door’, ‘off’) %} input_boolean.turn_on {% else %} input_boolean.turn_off {% endif %} entity_id: input_boolean.toilet_occupied
    • service: system_log.write data_template: level: debug logger: message: “… checked. toilet_occupied = {{ states(‘input_boolean.toilet_occupied’) }}”


  • id: toilet_cleanup alias: “Toilet: Cleanup” trigger: platform: state entity_id: binary_sensor.toilet_motion to: ‘off’ for: minutes: 120 action:
    • service: input_boolean.turn_off entity_id: input_boolean.toilet_occupied
    • service: automation.turn_off entity_id: automation.toilet_pooling_occupation
    • service: system_log.write data_template: level: debug logger: message: “Executed toilet_cleanup: toilet_motion state is {{states.binary_sensor.toilet_motion.state|int }}”

  • id: toilet_no_movement_timeout alias: “Toilet: No Movement Timeout” trigger: platform: state entity_id: binary_sensor.toilet_motion from: ‘on’ to: ‘off’ condition: condition: state entity_id: binary_sensor.toilet_occupied state: “on” action:
    • service: switch.turn_off entity_id: switch.wc
    • service: automation.turn_off entity_id: automation.toilet_pooling_occupation

situacija - ako prestane da mrda, a sigurno je neko unutra - nastavi da bude unutra

Xiaomi device tokens change on every reset or reconnect to different cloud account.

Therefore it is best to configure discovered devices using cloud and system will retrieve tokens automatically. If device is not discovered, use the following tool and use token to manualy configure device

Now, in 2022, there is a simple Windows tool to get the tokens: Maxmudjon/Get_MiHome_devices_token - Get.token.exe

It works amazing!

Xiaomi Air Purifiers

Favorite Levels are from 0 to 14 (~ 300 to 1700 RPM) Service “fan.set_preset_mode” is for setting Favorite

Prolong Your SD Card’s Lifespan

An article, Optimize Your Home Assistant Database, explains perfectly how to properly allocate which entity belongs to InfluxDB and which belongs to MariaDB.

Two important integrations to note are recorder, which stores events, states, and data in the main SQL database, and history, which displays that data as charts in the UI. Additionally, the logbook integration displays change events in a list format.

And if you’re interested in exploring your database further, check out article The History Explorer Card Tutorial In Home Assistant.

Debugging Home Assistant

Ready to debug Home Assistant? Start by enabling debug logging on the integration card, then log in to SSH and tail your log file.

Home Assistant Debug

First thing to get an integration debugging is to “Enable Debug Logging” on the triple dots for the integration card as explained here: Troubleshooting your configuration - Home Assistant.

This action will log all related activity to home-assistant.log, which you can best monitor live by logging in to SSH and typing:

clear; tail -f /config/home-assistant.log -n0

And that’s it.

Optimal way to monitor the log file

First, SSH into, then tail your log like this:

ssh -l desetar

# watching on debug log
tail -f /config/home-assistant.log | grep '' 

# to glance core or supervisor logs
ha core logs
ha supervisor logs

Debugging the operating system on which is HA running

That’s very different process and login, explained here: Debugging the Home Assistant Operating System.

ssh root@hassio.local -p 22222 -i ~/.ssh/cvladan

Then type


# supervisor log
journalctl -f -u hassos-supervisor.service

# hass log
docker logs -f homeassistant

Home Assistant Windows Agent

LAB02-Research/HASS.Agent is the perfect Windows-based desktop addition to Home Assistant.

There’s a ton of cool stuff you can do with it. For instance, all the sensors of your computer hardware and state are available in HA. You can define quick actions that you can trigger with a hotkey, right from HA. And, it’s even possible to run commands on your computer that are triggered from HA under certain conditions in automation, and more.

If we’re talking about cool sensors, you can even turn on your computer remotely with Wake-On-LAN from HA.

Your computer can receive notifications from HA and act as a media player, but you’ll need to install the LAB02-Research/HASS.Agent-Integration integration in HA to enable those notifications and media player capabilities. It’s super easy to install via HACS with just one mouse click from here.

These notifications aren’t your ordinary ones either. They can be Actionable Notifications, where you ask the user for a choice and then respond based on their answer.

As a media player, it does all the basics, but the Text-to-Speech feature is also quite interesting and is explained in the documentation.

This addition is simply masterful, both in its idea and execution.

date 19. Oct 2018 | modified 31. Jan 2023
filename: » Home Assistant